Offer response posts to at least two classmates’ posts (at least 50 words each).
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1. The main purpose of the essay is to explain how written English is filled with bad habits, which are copied by other writers. The historical impetus is writings that contained vague descriptions that did not express the truth or inadvertently say something else. Orwell indicates that “bad usage” leads to “avoidable ugliness”, the staleness of imagery, and lack of precision.
2. Images are used in writing to show the writer’s intended meaning. Orwell uses images in his essay to strengthen the illustration of his point about choosing proper English expressions.
3. The “modern translation” of Ecclesiastes contains many syllables but does give a concrete illustration as the original. There weren’t any vivid images or phrases. The swift race under the sun, the battle to the strong, or the riches and favor to men of understanding and skill were all left out.
4. Orwell is interested in prose-style writing since it usually shares the intended meaning of what the writer is trying to express. Prose style to Orwell meant concrete and clear writing instead of vagueness and tacked together phrases.
5. The four main criticisms are dying metaphors, operators or verbal false limbs, pretentious diction, and meaningless words. Dying metaphors save writers the time of coming up with their own phrases which leads to misuse. Operators or verbal false limbs save the hassle of picking out appropriate verbs and nouns but fills sentences with extra syllables giving sentences a symmetrical appearance. Pretentious diction use words like element, objective, and categorical to dress up a simple statement. Meaningless words like romantic, sentimental, and vitality are used in art and literary criticism but do not point to any discoverable object, leaving it open to individual interpretation. Each one of these examples was aimed directly to prove Orwell’s point of politics in the English language and habitual misuse.
6. The topic of most importance to Orwell is writing that is precise and truthfully written in prose style with enough imagery for understanding. Orwell states in his criticism of five passages the avoidable ugliness in the qualities of staleness in imagery and lack of precision were the most common of them all. The writer had a meaning and did not express it, said something else. Certain topics were not concrete and became abstract. Phrases were tacked together and prosed construction was avoided.
7. The use of the word ‘democracy’ was problematic in Orwell’s time since there isn’t a clear use of the word. Due to it being used in a dishonest way amongst countries under another’s rule, acts of war on another. Democracy will always be a problem.
8. At this time I do not recall any points that overlap with Orwell.
10/13/21, 6:54 AM Topic: Week Three Discussion A
(https:// Summer Cooper (https://online.valenciacollege.edu/courses/123618/users/426570) Yesterday
1. The main purpose of George Orwell’s “Politics and the English language” is how the decline of the English language is because people are trying to make it unnecessarily complicated with meaningless words.
2. According to Orwell, images are used to help get the point across that the words cannot. Orwell states in his ‘dying metaphor’ paragraph “A newly invented metaphor assists thought by evoking a visual image”.
3. George Orwell finds the modern translation wrong because it has become vaguer and loses the imagery provided in the original verse in Ecclesiastes. Orwell states “The second contains not a single fresh, arresting phrase”
4. Orwell is particularly interested in the prose style because with this style he is able to tell about the author and it is more clear, direct, and precise.
5. The four main criticisms Orwell has towards modern writing are Dying Metaphors, Operators or Verbal False Limbs, Pretentious Diction, and Meaningless Words. For Dying Metaphors Orwell states that “metaphor assists thought by evoking a visual image,” But, when overused it becomes a dying metaphor losing its impact over time.
For Operators or Verbal False Limbs, Orwell thinks that writers are adding irrelevant nouns and syllables to seem better. But, he believes it should just be more simple. For, Pretentious Diction Orwell believes that extending words to be longer is unnecessary. Which only makes the writing vague. As for, Meaningless Words Orwell thinks that the meaning of one’s writing becomes meaningless when meaningless words are used.
6. At the end of the day, the most important thing to Orwell is to fix these habits in writing that he himself criticizes. Such as the Meaningless Words or the Dying Metaphors.
7. The problematic use of the word “democracy” is that it doesn’t have an actual definition and can be used to fit anyone’s personal definition for it. Nowadays it can be used by politicians that ideals are not necessarily democratic but, will convince people that is what they are going for.
8. Some points made by Orwell overlap with what we’ve done in class. For example, we’ve done assignments where we’ve had to do write in a simple manner and in comparison one’s where we had to be more complex with our explanations.