stereotypes, racism, sexism and homophobia

Create The Outline

1.  Think about how you would introduce this topic.  What’s some important context to consider (social and political events of the past or happening now, history, personal experience.  Write down 5 important bullet points.2.  Create your thesis for the question:  How does the way that media and entertainment portrays under-represented communities (minorities) contribute to negative race relations in this country (stereotypes, racism, sexism and homophobia)?3.  Find 3 examples from the research that back up your argument 4.  Find 2 examples in the research that go against your argument OR give 2 examples of something you’ve heard people say that contradicts your argument (in social media, in your family, etc)5.  Why is this topic important?

Media Representation of the Under-Represented Communities and its Impacts


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Dilasha Shrestha

Dallas College

















Media Portrayal of the Minority Communities and its Impacts


a) Individuals in the U. S and globally spend most of their time accessing the content in different forms of media ranging from televisions to newspapers to social media.

b) Therefore, the way the media portrays issues strongly influences how individuals perceive them (Yuen, 2019).

c) Statistics indicate significant bias in how the media portrays minority communities compared to other populations like white communities (Lemish & Johnson, 2019).

d) They are presented as less significant individuals whose understanding of issues is wanting, and their influence on different societal matters is inconsequential (Tukachinsky et al., 2017).

e) This aspect contributes to the way other individuals perceive and treat this under-represented population.

II. THESIS: The minority communities are portrayed by the media as an insignificant group of individuals whose perceptions of significant issues are inferior; hence, their influence on significant social matters is inconsequential. This has contributed to the prevalence of vices against the population, including stereotyping, discrimination, sexism, and homophobia.


a) The media depicts individuals from the under-represented communities are less learned and therefore unqualified to handle significant positions in the community (Yuen, 2019).

1) In films and movies, they are given minor or derogatory roles such as servants, maids, prisoners, or criminals (UCLA College Social Science, 2020).

2) The media also creates documentaries and productions that portray them as abusers of illicit substances and uneducated individuals who need help.

3) The depictions negatively impact the individuals from the communities when they seek employment opportunities or promotions in their workplaces because of the stereotyping that makes them seem incompetent (Jackson, 2019).

b) The individuals who work in prominent positions in the media are often from marginalized communities, creating the impression that those from minority communities cannot perform these significant roles (Lemish & Johnson, 2019).

1) Most of the news anchors in television networks are often male, white individuals. Only a tiny percentage comes from minority communities such as women, African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanics, and members of the LBTQ community (Mastro, 2017).

2) Media producers are also from the majority of communities.

3) The small percentage of individuals from minority communities decreases their power in the industry and their ability to solicit for their rights, increasing their chances of being discriminated against. It opens doors for vices such as racism and sexism.

c) The terms used about the individuals from the minority communities in the media portray them negatively and demonizes race relations in society. These triggers stereotyping of members of the community, discrimination against, sexist trends, and homophobia.

1) The use of a term such as “negroes” and its association with the era of slavery makes the Black community members seem less powerful, hence predisposing them to discrimination and racisms (Tukachinsky et al., 2017).

2) The use of terms such as “immigrants” to refer to individuals of the under-represented communities such as Hispanics links them to unemployment and criminality; hence contributes to the formation of negative stereotypes against them.

3) The use of terms such as “bitch” to refer to women creates a negative perception about them and increases and predisposes them to sexism. It makes them appear unintelligent and incapable of making wise decisions (Tukachinsky et al., 2017).

4) The use of words such as individuals with deviant sexual behaviors to allude to members of the LGBTQ group creates hostilities against them, increasing the chances of their being stereotyped, promoting homophobia, and encouraging discriminatory practices against them.


a) There are legal stipulations that have been instigated to protect all individuals; hence, individuals from minority communities cannot be discriminated against.

1) The Civil Rights Act created in 1964 ensures that all individuals get the same entitlements in workplaces (Mastro, 2017).

b) There are prominent media personalities who are from minority communities. Also, there are productions such as films where the main actors or actresses are from minority communities.


a) The negative influences of media portrayals of members of the minority groups have adverse effects on the individuals from the communities.

1) It promotes inequalities hence decreases their chances of getting significant opportunities such as well-paying employment, educations, healthcare services, and leadership positions (UCLA College Social Science, 2020).

2) It increases their chances of being harmed by lowering their self-esteem and making them subjects of ridicule and hostilities (Jackson, 2019).

b) Discussion of the topic increases awareness about the negative trends in society, hence stimulating individuals to respond to it.

1) It promotes the initialization of advocacy programs to solicit for their entitlements (Mastro, 2017).

2) It is vital in promoting policy changes to include clauses that promote the wellbeing of individuals from minority communities.


a) The negative portrayal of members of the minority community will continue with negative results such as:

1) An increase of abusive tendencies against individuals from the minority communities will experience a rise in domestic violence cases, abuse of members of the LGBTQ communities, and discrimination of the populations in the workplaces (Tukachinsky et al., 217).

2) The economy of the country will be affected. The infliction of injuries to the individuals will increase the countries healthcare burden. Subsequently, the individuals from the community will not utilize their competencies in the workplace optimally (Yuen, 2019).


a) There will be equality in society which will eradicate negative social trends such as

1) Discrimination of the individuals from minority communities in public places such as schools, healthcare facilities, and workplaces (Yuen, 2019)

2) Violence against the individuals

b) The individuals from the community will be more empowered because of the opportunities available to them hence:

1) They will have well-paying jobs and desist from engaging in illegal activities and using addictive substances, which are actions precipitated by abject poverty.

2) The individuals will have more opportunities to serve in leadership positions, hence advocating for the entitlement of members of their groups (UCLA College Social Science, 2020).


a) The media often portrays members of minority groups negatively

b) This representation has negative impacts on the population.

c) Although some individuals may refuse this claim, it should be addressed because failing to act has adverse consequences in society and the entire country.





















Jackson, J. M. (2019). Black Americans and the “crime narrative”: comments on the use of news frames and their impacts on public opinion formation. Politics, Groups, and Identities7(1), 231-241.

Lemish, D., & Johnson, C. R. (2019). The landscape of children’s television in the US & Canada. New York, NY: The Center for Scholars and Storytellers

Mastro, D. (2017). Race and ethnicity in US media content and effects. In Oxford research encyclopedia of communication

Tukachinsky, R., Mastro, D., & Yarchi, M. (2017). The effect of prime-time television ethnic/racial stereotypes on Latino and Black Americans: A longitudinal national level study. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media61(3), 538-556.

UCLA College Social Science. (2020). Hollywood Diversity Report, 2020. Retrieved from

Yuen, N. W. (2019). How Racial Stereotypes in Popular Media Affect People- and What Hollywood can do to Become More Inclusive. Retrieved from

Now Write your paper (grading guidelines below…read carefully)

Length and Formatting

· Please only use up 2 lines for your name, title and professor

· Paper must be a MINIMUM of 3-5 FULL pages and follow the following formatting:  1″ Margins, 12 pt font, Times New Roman, 1.5 spacing (not double!)

· If you do not follow the length and formatting guidelines, your paper will be returned to you and will not be graded.

Grading Rubric:

1st Paragraph-Introduction  (5 points)

· Introduce the topic by providing some context (what is it important to note about our society, economy, institutions, history, etc in order to fully understand the topic).

· State your thesis to the question:  How does the way that media and entertainment portrays under-represented communities (minorities) contribute to negative race relations in this country (stereotypes, racism, sexism and homophobia)?    Don’t know what a thesis is? 

2nd Paragraph-Supporting Evidence #1

· Provide 3 reasons to back up your argument.  EACH reason must be supported with evidence from the research.

3rd Paragraph-Considering the Other Side

· Provide at least 2 arguments that contradict your thesis (the other side of your argument) with supporting evidence from the research or personal experience.

4th Paragraph-Consequences 

· Why is this topic important to consider?

· What might be the effects or consequences of not considering this topic?

· What could change if we consider the topic and take action?

5th Paragraph-Assumptions and Critical Thinking 

· What assumptions did you have about the question before you began and how were they affected by your research?

· What do you think affects people’s perspective on this question?

· Summarize your argument and reflect on how your thinking changed after doing the research.


· 5 sources must be cited.  You must use diverse sources (academic writings, journals, news outlets,blogs and websites, etc)  Do not use more than one non-credible source (blog from a non-expert, opinion pieces, etc)  You can use any citation method you choose.   Don’t know how to cite?

· Provide a bibliography.

· Research must be summarized or analyzed in YOUR OWN WORDS.  If you quote the research, please do not quote more than 1-2 sentences.  When you do quote the research, you must then explain it or analyze it.  It cannot stand alone.  Plagiarism will cause you to receive a 0 on this assignment.   What is plagiarism?

Unsure of how to write a research paper?  You can visit the library and one of our friendly librarians can help you!!  Or  use their online research guide .

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